Bone spurs on calcaneus (heel bone) from Achilles tendon. Image courtesy of Dr. Wilczak.

Summary

Dr. Wilczak talks about functional adaptions of the skeleton, or occupational stress markers. She explains how bioarchaeologists use changes in the skeleton to deduce what an individual’s regular physical activity patterns might have been like. Dr. Wilczak provides plenty of examples and also discusses the limitations of the science. Additionally, Dr. Wilczak and I talk about uses for an anthropology degree beyond academia.

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Dr. Bernard Wood in his CASHP office at George Washington University

Summary

Dr. Wood discusses what we can actually know in paleoanthropology — something that’s difficult and important when you’re looking at very old, very small, and very skewed samples. The professor then meditates on why it’s important to study paleoanthropology in the first place. He also gives some great advice to students along the way.

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